– Sundar Shyam Thakur
The vocational rehabilitation is skill-building an art and implement that into vocational/professional sectors. In less developed country like Nepal, it is quite useful to provide such skillful training for vocational rehabilitation. Japan, as a developed country, has given the priority in such vocational rehabilitation program to solve the problem of unemployment for disabled people. What I learnt and felt while staying at Japan from June14th to July30th, I am trying to present as follows:
Japan is developed country while Nepal is still developing, it is inappropriate to compare everything between Japan and Nepal. But, there is a saying “winner does the same thing as others do but his technique of doing is different”. We people from Nepal also can do the same thing what the Japanese have done on professional/vocational rehabilitation sector for Japanese disabled. But, commitment and enthusiasm is necessary.
Central government of Japan provides about 80 thousand Yen per-month to disable –ID card holder people. Simply, considering, that amount is high for us but it is less for them only to pay room rent. They are doing side-jobs for their extra expenses. Talking about job security of disable people in government and private sector, it is 2.3% and 1.8% respectively. As developed country Japan, the 1.8% job security, has not been implemented properly. Only 1.47% disabled persons have secured jobs in private sector out of 1.8%.
Talking about employment opportunities of unemployed disable as well as able people in Japan, the regional government has established a PESO (Public Employment Service Organization) where a separate branch is established for disabled and they can (unemployed disables) contact at the office and the organization manages the decent job for disabled persons. Similarly the organization also provides the skillful trainings to those unemployed disabled according to their skill according present labor market.
To provide the employment opportunities to disables in Japan,………………… and that company products something, sells these in market and provides the benefit to the disabled employee of the company. For example, a bread making industry provides bread-making training to 25 disabled and sells the bread into market produced by them. It also helps to those skilled disabled employees to search for job into open labor market area. The mental disabled have been involved in envelope making trainign, radio and watch repairing. Similarly, the deaf people are involved in computer operating job. I had asked one question to one deaf when I was in Japan, “how do you talk with others at your office.” His answer was ‘by e-mail'”.
Similarly, a ‘WITH’ organization have participation of different types of disabled persons in its company and produces various types of equipments. In which, 60% white-stick using by Japanese disabled, is produced by the company and all employee are blind people.
Thus, the successful techniques to make the disable Japanese employed in Japan, we can also use this technique in some limit and use same equipments and resources to rehabilitate the Nepalese Disabled people. As a Federation, National Federation of disabled (NFDN) could make progress in finding jobs for disabled people. Vocational rehabilitation skill for the disabled People can be a better alternative for developing countries. Such training will help us to be tension free for finding jobs to PWDs which confirmed what I learnt and saw in Japan.