Basic concept of welfare for persons with disabilities

  • Concept of normalization
  • Rehabilitation
  • Support for independent living and social participation
  • Respect of independence and self-determination
  • Community living support
  • Empowerment

Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare Social Security Council Prefectures and designated cities Social security councils,
Child guidance centers, counseling centers for rehabilitation, health centers Municipalities Welfare offices, health centers

  • Facilities
    (rehabilitation facilities, sheltered workshops, etc.)
  • At home
    (home help, day care, short-term care, group homes)
  • Income security, disability basic pension, special child-rearing allowance
  • Medical services, rehabilitation medical care
  • At-home services, utilization of public housing
  • Employment rate of persons with disabilities
    At private enterprises with more than 56 full- time employees – 1.8%
  • Announcement of employment profits and nonattainment enterprises
  • Employment centers for persons with disabilities
  • Job-coaching system
  • Compulsory education (from 6 to 15 years-of-age)
  • Special schools Schools for the blind, schools for deaf-mutes, schools for children with disabilities

    (physical and intellectual disabilities)

  • Regular schools
    Special classes, visiting classes system

The Constitution of Japan Article 25 Guarantee of minimum standards of living Types of allowances Living allowance, education allowance, housing allowance, medical care allowance, birth allowance, vocational allowance, funeral allowance, nursing care allowance Social security premiums Employers’ contribution, insured persons’ contribution Taxes (state contribution) National taxes, local taxes Self-pay (usage fees)

  • Certified social workers
  • Certified care worker
  • Psychiatric social worker
  • Physical therapist
  • Occupational therapist
  • Speech and hearing therapist
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