The historical chronic war and internal conflict of more than two decades and international isolation in the past caused Cambodia:
- Breakdown of many basic social services, and destruction of all national infrastructure.
- There are millions of landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) has been laid on the ground.
- The lack of basic health care and food security.
- There are a high number of vulnerable groups.
Most of PWD in Cambodia live in rural area, and have very limited access to social services especially education, vocational training, job placement and income generation opportunities.
At present, society view disability as a condition of occupational disadvantage, which should be overcome through a variety of policies, measures, regulations, programs and services.